Moon faced four other major party nominees during the election, including presidential rival and past party colleague Ahn Cheol-soo of the People's Party and Hong Jun-pyo of the Liberty Korea Party. He was elected the 19th president of South Korea in Korea's 19th presidential election by a large plurality over two. On May 10, , Moon ended his campaign by winning His announced goal is to create , public sector jobs through raising taxes on the wealthy.
Moon's policy against corporate corruption, specifically in regards to Korean conglomerates known as " chaebols " is to give "minority shareholders more power in electing board members" of the companies. Moon also promised transparency in his presidency, moving the presidential residence from the palatial and isolated Blue House to an existing government complex in downtown Seoul. In a televised presidential debate, Moon said he opposes homosexuality , in response to conservative candidate Hong Jun-pyo 's remarks that gay soldiers were a source of weakness in the South Korean military.
Moon's remark prompted immediate criticism during the debate from Sim Sang-jung , the sole presidential candidate to support LGBT rights and a member of the left wing Justice Party. Some of Moon's supporters dismissed the comments as a necessity to win, as South Koreans tend to be conservative in social issues. Moon has favored a peaceful reunification between the two Koreas. He was both widely criticized and widely praised for his comments stating that his first visit if elected president would be to visit North Korea , a visit that would be not unlike Roh Moo-hyun's visit to the country in Similarly, Moon's foreign policy towards North Korea is considered to closely align with the Sunshine Policy embraced by former liberal presidents Kim Dae-jung and Roh Moo-hyun.
His presidential campaign has supported re-opening of the Kaesong industrial park. Moon's relatively liberal stance in foreign policy is reflected as he is quoted in a book: "I'm pro-U. Moon was sworn into office immediately after official votes were counted on 10 May, replacing Acting President and Prime Minister Hwang Kyo-ahn. There was no transition period between the election and inauguration, unlike other presidential elections due to the nature of an election following a presidential impeachment.
South Korea's economic growth has been attributed in large part to Chaebols , or family-owned conglomerates. Prominent examples of conglomerates include Samsung and Hyundai ,  concentrated power collusion , connections with the government including most recently the Choi Soon-sil scandal which ultimately led to the special election Moon won.
Moon subsequently appointed "chaebol sniper" Kim Sang-jo, a well-known shareholder activist, to the role of fair-trade commissioner aimed at reforming chaebols. His government has launched a series of minimum wage hikes. One of these was in , which raised the minimum wage by The maximum hour work week was reduced from 68 to Moon's predecessor and daughter of Park Chung-hee , Park Geun-hye , originally planned to mandate usage of state-issued history textbooks in Moon reversed these plans in May in one of his first major acts as president.
Critics of Park's original plan saw this as a way for Park to mitigate some representations of her father's oppressive policies under a dictatorial rule, only highlighting the positive accomplishments of the past. Park had stated she wanted to replace the "left-leaning" books with those created from the government that would instill greater patriotism. Schools will continue to choose privately published, government-approved textbooks written under educational guidelines instead.
Moon had promised during his campaign to adopt a dog from an animal sanctuary. This was considered relevant to South Korean politics as the country allows for consumption of dog meat. He adopted Tory, a four-year-old black mongrel who was saved from a dog meat farm, from an animal rights group.
The move was considered to send "a strong message against the [dog meat] trade". Moon's administration has focused on increasing South Korea's consumption of natural gas, away from nuclear and coal as sources of energy. These plans include delaying construction on nuclear reactors as well as re-opening dialogue around a natural gas pipeline that would come from Russia and pass through North Korea. In addition, he shut down eight coal-fired power plants upon assuming office in May , and pledged to shut down the remaining ten coal plants by the end of his term.
In the long term, he envisioned renewable sources would eventually be able to meet Korea's demand, but in the interim, proposed liquefied natural gas LNG as a stopgap measure while coal and nuclear were taken offline in the coming decades. Moon visited the United States to meet with U. President Donald Trump in June , discussing U. Outlining his North Korea strategy in a speech in Berlin , Germany, on July 6, , Moon characterized the process leading to unification as a long-term project, rather than laying out any detailed plans for a unified Korea. He emphasized alliance with the United States and specified the need to assure dismantlement of North Korea's nuclear weapons program.
At the same time he presented the question of unification in a regional context and signaled his hopes of working in cooperation with the international community. He supported sanctions against North Korea, while leaving open the possibility of their being rescinded, and indicated that it is crucial to establish a peace treaty with North Korea to end the Korean War officially in exchange for denuclearization.
As of late July, following North Korea's latest missile launch and increasingly aggressive actions, Moon asked the U. Kim and Moon met again on 26 May. The meeting had not been publicly announced beforehand. He and delegates—including prominent figures in business, culture, and religion—flew to the Sunan Airport in Pyeongyang and met with Kim Jong-un. According to Statistics Korea, , young Koreans were unemployed in July The number is the highest since youth unemployment marked , in , as the nation was still recovering from the Asian Financial Crisis.
The two officials had themselves clashed in recent weeks, with Mr. Kim pushing to depart from Mr. Jang, considered the architect of the trickle-up policy, publicly disagreed with Mr. The reshuffle sets the stage for new economic ideas "in a nation that is struggling to transition away from its once-successful manufacturing model". Moon married Kim Jung-sook , a vocalist from the same university he attended.
He and Kim both individually revealed in separate Korean talk shows that they met each other when Moon was a student activist protesting the Yushin Constitution. Moon and Kim now live with at least four dogs and a cat at the Blue House.
Before elected as the president in , they lived with several dogs and cats who were all once abandoned by their previous guardians. Jjing-jjing is the country's first-ever "First Cat. He is the second leader who remains a practicing Catholic while in office; his baptismal or Christian name is Timothy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. President of South Korea. This is a Korean name ; the family name is Moon.
His Excellency The Honourable. Kim Jung-sook m. Moon's name in hangul top and hanja bottom. See also: South Korean legislative election and South Korean presidential election. Main article: List of international presidential trips made by Moon Jae-in. Further information: April inter-Korean summit , May inter-Korean summit , and September inter-Korean summit. BBC News.
May 10, Retrieved May 13, Kwon, Pamela Boykoff and James Griffiths. May 9, Promises to Undertake Reform and National Reconciliation". Korean President". KBS World Radio. Korea Times.
Retrieved May 10, The Kyunghyang Shinmun. Retrieved May 17, Retrieved April 28, The Korea Times. The Guardian. Retrieved July 4, August 13, TV Report in Korean.
January 10, The New York Times. Washington Post. Retrieved May 2, Seoul: Moon Jae In. February 18, National Post. Associated Press. December 19, Retrieved December 19, The Hankyoreh in Korean. February 2, Retrieved May 8, Retrieved March 30, Retrieved May 7, Korea presidential hopeful criticized for anti-gay comment". ABC News. April 26, Archived from the original on April 28, Retrieved April 27, South China Morning Post.
However, the damage had already been done. The end of the Coalition agreement led to a large number of three-cornered contests. Additionally, a number of swing voters outside Queensland were alarmed at the prospect of Bjelke-Petersen holding the balance of power, and voted for Labor in order to ensure that the Liberals and Nationals would be defeated.
As a result, the Hawke Government was handily reelected, winning the most seats that Labor had ever won in an election. In his social agenda, Howard promoted the traditional family and was antipathetic to the promotion of multiculturalism at the expense of a shared Australian identity. Three Liberal MPs crossed the floor and two abstained in response to a motion put forward by Prime Minister Hawke to affirm that race or ethnicity would not be used as immigrant selection criteria. Many Liberals later nominated the issue as instrumental in Howard subsequently losing the leadership in In line with "One Australia's" rejection of Aboriginal land rights, Howard said the idea of an Aboriginal treaty was "repugnant to the ideals of One Australia"  and commented "I don't think it is wrong, racist, immoral or anything, for a country to say 'we will decide what the cultural identity and the cultural destiny of this country will be and nobody else.
As the country's economic position worsened in , public opinion moved away from Labor, however there was no firm opinion poll lead for Howard or the Coalition. When asked that day whether he could become Liberal leader again, Howard likened it to "Lazarus with a triple bypass".
Following the Coalition's election loss, Howard considered challenging Peacock for the leadership, but didn't have enough support for a bid. Peacock supported Hewson with generational change which took Howard's name out. After Hewson lost the "unloseable" election to Paul Keating , Howard unsuccessfully challenged Hewson for the leadership.
In , he was again passed over for the leadership, which went to Alexander Downer. In January , leaked internal Liberal Party polling showed that with gaffe-prone Downer as leader, the Coalition had slim chance of holding its marginal seats in the next election, let alone of winning government. Media speculation of a leadership spill ended when, on 26 January , Downer resigned as Liberal Leader and Howard was elected unopposed to replace him.
Hoping to avoid a repeat of , Howard revised his earlier statements against Medicare and Asian immigration, describing Australia as "a unique intersection between Europe, North America and Asia". He focused on the economy and memory of the early s recession, and on the longevity of the Labor government, which in had been in power for 13 years.
By the time the writs were issued for the election , the Coalition had been well ahead of Labor in opinion polls for over a year. The consensus of most opinion polls was that Howard would be the next prime minister. With the support of many traditionally Labor voters—dubbed " Howard battlers "—Howard and the Liberal-National Coalition swept to power on the back of a seat swing. This was the second-worst defeat of an incumbent government since Federation. The Coalition picked up a five percent swing. The Liberals actually won a majority in their own right with 75 seats, the most that the party had ever won.
It was only the third time the others being and that the main non-Labor party has been even theoretically able to govern alone since the Coalition's formation. Nevertheless, Howard kept the Nationals in his government. Howard entered office with a seat majority—the second-biggest majority in Australian history, only behind Fraser's seat majority in At the age of 56, he was sworn in as prime minister on 11 March , ending a record 13 years of Coalition opposition. Achieving agreement in the face of immense opposition from within the Coalition and some State governments, was credited with significantly elevating Howard's stature as prime minister despite a backlash from core Coalition rural constituents.
Howard's initial silence on the views of Pauline Hanson —a disendorsed Liberal Party candidate and later independent MP from the Brisbane area—was criticised in the press as an endorsement of her views. Following the Wik Decision of the High Court in , the Howard government moved swiftly to legislate limitations on its possible implications through the so-called Ten-Point Plan. Before winning the Prime Ministership, Howard said that he considered the Coalition's defeat in to be a rejection of the GST, and as a result it would "never ever" be part of Coalition policy.
Through much of its first term, opinion polling was disappointing for the government. Also unpopular with voters were large spending cuts aimed at eliminating the budget deficit and Howard's distinction between "core" and "non-core" election promises when cutting spending commitments , industrial changes and the waterfront dispute , the partial sale of government telecommunications company Telstra , and the Government's commitment to a GST.
Howard called a snap election for October , three months sooner than required. The Coalition actually lost the national two-party preferred vote to Labor, suffering a seat swing. However, the uneven nature of the swing allowed Howard to win a second term in government, with a considerably reduced majority from 45 seats to Howard himself finished just short of a majority on the first count in his own seat, and was only assured of reelection on the ninth count. He ultimately finished with a fairly comfortable 56 percent of the two-party preferred vote. In , Howard convened a Constitutional Convention which decided in principle that Australia should become a Republic.
At the convention Howard confirmed himself as a monarchist, and said that of the Republican options, he preferred the minimalist model. Howard outlined his support for retaining the Australian constitutional monarchy. Although new Indonesian President B. Habibie had some months earlier agreed to grant special autonomy to Indonesian-occupied East Timor , his subsequent snap decision for a referendum on the territory's independence triggered a Howard and Downer orchestrated shift in Australian policy. In September , Howard organised an Australian-led international peace-keeping force to East Timor INTERFET , after pro-Indonesia militia launched a violent "scorched-earth" campaign in retaliation to the referendum's overwhelming vote in favour of independence.
The successful mission was widely supported by Australian voters, but the government was criticised [ who? Throughout his prime-ministership, Howard was resolute in his refusal to provide a parliamentary "apology" to Indigenous Australians as recommended by the " Bringing Them Home " Report. Howard made a personal apology before the release of the report. Eschewing use of the word "sorry", the motion recognised mistreatment of Aborigines as the "most blemished chapter" in Australia's history; offered "deep and sincere regret " for past injustices.
Howard did not commit to serving a full term if he won the next election; on his 61st birthday in July he said he would consider the question of retirement when he turned The government's position on "border protection", in particular the Tampa affair where Howard refused the landing of asylum seekers rescued by a Norwegian freighter, consolidated the improving polls for the government, as did the 11 September attacks. Bush in the days before the 11 September terrorist attacks and was in Washington the morning of the attacks. In October , he committed Australian military personnel to the War in Afghanistan despite widespread opposition.
In October Howard responded to the Bali bombing with calls for solidarity. In March , Australia joined the US-led " Multinational force in Iraq " in sending 2, troops and naval units to support in the invasion of Iraq. In response to the Australian participation in the invasion, there were large protests in Australian cities during March , and Prime Minister Howard was heckled from the public gallery of Parliament House.
Throughout and Howard had increased his opinion poll lead over Labor Party leader, Simon Crean. In December , Crean resigned after losing party support and Mark Latham was elected leader. Howard called an election for 9 October While the government was behind Labor in the opinion polls, Howard himself had a large lead over Latham as preferred prime minister. In the lead up to the election, Howard again did not commit to serving a full term. It also resulted the first, albeit slim, government majority in the Senate since For the second time since becoming prime minister, Howard came up short of a majority in the first count for his own seat.
He was assured of reelection on the third count, ultimately winning In , with the government now controlling both houses of parliament for the first time since the Fraser era, industrial relations changes were enacted. Named " WorkChoices " and championed by Howard, they were intended to fundamentally change the employer-employee relationship.
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Opposed by a broad trade union campaign and antipathy within the electorate, WorkChoices was subsequently seen as a major factor in the government's election loss. Unemployment had fallen from 8. In , Ian McLachlan and Peter Costello said that under a deal between Howard and Costello, Howard would serve one and a half terms as prime minister if the Coalition won the next election before stepping aside to allow Costello to take over. Howard denied that this constituted a deal;    Citing strong party room support for him as leader, Howard stated later that month that he would remain to contest the election.
In May , the degradation of Aboriginal communities, and the frequent child sexual abuses that occurred within these, was brought to the forefront of the public's mind. In response to this, a report into child sexual abuse in the Northern Territory was commissioned. Following this, there was an intervention into these Northern Territory communities.
This received widespread criticism, with some holding that it was no more than another attempt to control these communities. Howard was not exempt from this criticism on the grounds of racism. Howard supported the Bush administration's surge strategy in Iraq , and criticised Democrat US Presidential candidate Barack Obama for calling for a complete withdrawal of Coalition troops by March Leading up to the 24 November election , the Coalition had been behind Labor in the polls for almost two years, a margin that grew even larger after Rudd became opposition leader.
In the election, Howard and his government were defeated, suffering a seat swing to Labor, which was almost as large as the seat swing that propelled him to power in Howard lost his seat of Bennelong to former journalist Maxine McKew by 44, votes The latest redistribution placed Bennelong right on the edge of seats Labor needed to win in order to make Rudd Prime Minister. The final tally indicated that McKew defeated Howard on the 14th count due to a large flow of Green preferences to her; 3, Media analysis of The Australian Election Study, a postal survey of 1, voters during the poll, found that although respondents respected Howard and thought he had won the 6-week election campaign, Howard was considered "at odds with public opinion on cut-through issues", his opponent had achieved the highest "likeability" rating in the survey's year history, and a majority had decided their voting intention before the election campaign.
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The Australian and New Zealand cricket boards unsuccessfully nominated Howard as their candidate for president of the International Cricket Council. Howard was the subject of a lengthy interview series by The Australian columnist Janet Albrechtsen in , which aired as a featured story on Seven Network 's Sunday Night , and again in January as its own five-part series on Sky News Australia entitled Howard Defined. On 26 February , Howard provided a character reference for Cardinal George Pell , a senior leader of the Catholic Church in Australia and former Vatican Treasurer, whose conviction on five counts of child sexual abuse while Archbishop of Melbourne, including sexual penetration of a child, had just been made public following the lifting of a suppression order.
Pell's conviction was upheld on appeal by the Supreme Court of the state of Victoria in August . With the death of Bob Hawke on 16 May , Howard became Australia's oldest living former prime minister. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other people named John Howard, see John Howard disambiguation.
The Honourable. OM AC. Janette Parker m. Main article: Howard Government. Main article: Australian federal election, This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it. Eureka Street. Retrieved 27 July National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 29 June Lazarus Rising. Harper Collins. Malcolm Fraser: The Political Memoirs. The Miegunyah Press. Archived from the original on 7 January Retrieved 17 August Melbourne, Australia: Melbourne Univ. Australia: Australian Broadcasting Corporation. ABC News, 20 August Archived from the original on 10 December Retrieved 13 May Archived from the original on 26 August Retrieved 29 November January—February , Quadrant.
C31 Melbourne. Archived from the original on 28 November Retrieved 23 November Virtual Tally Room results. Australian Electoral Commission.